Prove ghostwriting

For unidentified people, the suspicion that a housework was created by a ghostwriter is a problem – in many ways.

Customers of academic ghostwriting agencies do not always abide by their “General Terms and Conditions” (GTC). Students, for example, often come under strong pressure – much too late they discover that they are overwhelmed by a task, a topic or the flood of scientific literature.

They go the easy and comfortable way by commissioning a scientific text and then output it as written by themselves. That such an approach is at least scientifically questionable, does not usually matter to them.

A suspicion is not enough

But how does it look on the other side? How can a lecturer prove ghostwriting?

Considered soberly, the chances are bad: because those who express such a suspicion doubts the integrity and honesty of the student and jeopardizes their chances of successfully completing their studies.

A suspicion with such grave consequences should therefore be better substantiated thoroughly. Skillfully placed comprehension questions about the text – especially those that can not be answered – are a hint, but not more. No student should be caught red-handed, if he gets the work sent by mail or just from home sofa via online banking, the fee transfers. No student leaves visible traces when he copies a text into another document or mixes his own texts with foreign ones.

Especially when the student engages in ghostwriting only from current time constraints – and not because of lack of knowledge – the proof is extremely difficult. If, on the other hand, a miserable student presents a work that far exceeds the expected quality, it is likely to arouse suspicion and raise critical questions, at the end of which (in the rarest of cases) there is even a “confession” from the cornered swindler.